Cough Syrup: Uses, side effects and abuse

Cough Syrup

Cough syrup: Have you ever had to cope with a cough that just wouldn’t go away? Creating one can deplete a lot of your energy. Your body puts up a lot of work with each cough. When you consider that coughing might affect your breathing, it’s easy to see why coughing is one of the most serious signs of illness.

Constant aching throat, coughing until you’re sick, and keeping you awake at night Coughing is an inflammatory response from your body that has little advantage for humans; nevertheless, it is extremely beneficial to a virus because it uses your cough to propagate to other people.

Coughing can be caused by a variety of things, including the common cold, the annual flu, smoking, or allergies. Hay fever affects 7.8% of adults over the age of 18 in the United States. According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation, nearly 50 million Americans suffer from allergies. According to the BBC, over 13 million individuals in the United Kingdom suffer from hay fever. Imagine how many people there are on the planet. Sneezing, coughing, and having an itchy throat are the most common symptoms.

Cough Syrup

Thankfully, several pharmaceutical companies have produced powerful cough syrup solutions that quickly alleviate this widespread condition. However, choosing the proper medicine might be difficult due to the variety of formulas available on the market. If you want to get rid of your cough as soon as possible but aren’t sure which cough syrup is ideal for you, this detailed guide will point you in the right direction.

Buying Information for Cough Syrup

Cough syrups come in a variety of formulations. It’s safe to state that one product may work wonders for one person while being absolutely useless for another. Consider these three important aspects while looking for the best cough syrup for your needs.

  • Instant Relief. It is everyone’s primary priority to get rid of a nasty cough as soon as possible. However, not all cough treatments are effective in quickly alleviating the ailment. This is entirely dependent on the active ingredient’s proportion to the other elements in the formula.

If you only get cough a few times a year, a potent formula may be your best pick; but, if you get cough much more frequently, a less potent medicine should be your best bet. This is because, while a low-potency formula may take longer to work, it is also far less harmful. As a result, frequent users can avoid the risk of long-term adverse effects.

  • kind of cough. Coughs can be caused by a number of different things. Understanding what’s causing your cough will help you select the best formula for your needs. For example, a cough treatment designed for dry cough may not perform well on a hacking cough, which necessitates a completely new syrup recipe.
  • Side effects: Of course, every cough syrup comes with a list of potential adverse effects. Always read the labels before taking a dose and figure out how to take your syrup. Many cough syrups can make you feel drowsy. As a result, don’t expect to stay awake at work or while driving after taking it. Another thing to keep in mind is that many powerful cough syrup formulae, especially when taken in large doses, can cause changes in awareness.
Cough Syrup

Types of cough syrup:

Cough syrups come in a variety of flavors, but we’ll focus on four in this article:

  • Codeine cough syrup
  • Promethazine cough syrup
  • Zarbee’s cough syrup
  • Delsym cough syrup.

Codeine cough syrup

What Is Codeine Cough Syrup? Codeine is a prescription opioid drug that treats mild pain and acts as a cough suppressant.

Your doctor may prescribe cough syrup with codeine and promethazine if you’re suffering from cold or allergy symptoms like coughing, sneezing, or a runny nose.

Codeine is a prescription opioid that reduces pain and suppresses cough by acting on the central nervous system (CNS). It is one of a class of opioids known as opiates, which are generated naturally from the opium poppy plant.

Many cough syrups, including Tuzistra XR, include codeine. A nasal decongestant, such as guaifenesin (brand name Mucinex) or phenylephrine, is commonly found in cough syrups containing codeine (brand name Preparation H).

This drug can make you feel joyful and calm, or even “high.” As a result, some people abuse it, leading to addiction and overdose.

Cough Syrup

Many individuals, however, use the phrase “codeine cough syrup” to refer to cough syrups that contain codeine and promethazine, as these syrups are more likely to be abused and become addicted to.

If you or someone you care about is abusing codeine cough syrup, you should get professional treatment right once.

Codeine Cough Syrup Brand Names

Cough syrups that contain codeine and promethazine are sold under the following brand names:

  • Pentazine with codeine
  • Phenergan with codeine
  • Pentazine VC, which also contains phenylephrine
  • Phenergan VC with Codeine, which also contains phenylephrine,
  • Prometh with Codeine, which also contains guaifenesin,

These cough suppressant drugs are usually no longer available over-the-counter (OTC) and require a doctor’s prescription. This is because they have a high risk of being abused.

Codeine Cough Syrup Side Effects

The most common side effects of codeine cough syrup include:

  • constipation
  • drowsiness
  • dizziness
  • nausea and/or vomiting.
  • dry mouth
  • sweating
  • trouble urinating 
  • headache
  • anxiety
  • Irritability

If you have any serious side effects, such as loud or shallow breathing, confusion, extreme sleepiness, extreme weakness, tremors, muscular twitches, high temperature, seizures, heart rate abnormalities, or hallucinations, contact your doctor immediately.

Cough Syrup

In addition, codeine cough syrup can pass into breast milk, causing negative effects in newborns such as shallow breathing, excessive sleepiness, and confusion.

As a result, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advises against using codeine cough medication while nursing.

Codeine Cough Syrup Abuse

When used as directed, codeine cough syrup can help with coughs, colds, flu, and allergy symptoms.

However, some people abuse the drug by using it in ways that aren’t recommended.

For instance, they may: 

  • take a higher dose than prescribed.
  • Take it more frequently than prescribed.
  • Use it with other drugs, such as alcohol, marijuana, or benzodiazepines (which include Xanax, Ativan, and Klonopin) 

Teenagers and young adults are the most likely to abuse codeine cough syrup, and chronic abuse can lead to:

  • Tolerance means you’ll require higher and higher doses of the syrup to get the intended results.
  • physical dependence, implying that your body is reliant on the syrup to function normally.
  • Codeine addiction (also known as substance use disorder), which implies you can’t stop using the syrup.
Cough Syrup

Signs of Codeine Cough Syrup Abuse & Addiction

Look for the following indicators if you think you or someone you know is abusing or addicted to codeine cough syrup:

Withdrawing from friends and relatives

Ignoring obligations at work or at school

Visiting the drugstore frequently

Frequently exhibit codeine cough syrup side symptoms such as perspiration, anxiety, irritability, and sleepiness.

Despite your best efforts, you are unable to stop using codeine cough syrup.

Codeine Cough Syrup Withdrawal

If you’re addicted to codeine cough syrup and physiologically dependent on it, you may experience withdrawal symptoms if you try to stop taking it.

Opioid withdrawal symptoms can include:

  • insomnia
  • anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Frequent yawning
  • Dilatable pupils
  • watery eyes
  • runny nose
  • sweating
  • chills
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea and/or vomiting.
  • diarrhea
  • Back pain
  • Stomach cramps
  • muscle aches
Cough Syrup

Codeine Cough Syrup Overdose

People who abuse or become addicted to codeine cough syrup run the risk of overdosing, which occurs when too much of the syrup is consumed. If you mix the syrup with alcohol, the risk increases.

Signs of opioid overdose include:

  • breathing problems, such as shallow breathing or slow breathing.
  • clammy, cold skin.
  • bluish lips and fingernails 
  • tiny pupils
  • lightheadedness
  • severe drowsiness 
  • Itchiness 
  • Muscle twitches
  • Low blood pressure
  • weak or slow pulse.
  • loss of consciousness 

A codeine cough syrup overdose can be dangerous since both codeine and promethazine have depressive effects that reduce your breathing and heart rate.

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If you or someone else is experiencing the symptoms listed above, call 911 right away.

Promethazine cough syrup

Promethazine is an antihistamine that relieves allergy symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, and eye, nose, and throat itching. It has sedative (calming) properties as well.

Cough Syrup

Warning

Children:

  • Promethazine syrup should not be given to children under the age of two. It has the potential to cause severe and sometimes fatal breathing issues.
  • In youngsters aged 2 and up, use with caution. Consult your physician.
  • Tell your doctor if your child is taking any drugs that could cause respiratory issues before giving him or her promethazine syrup. There are a variety of medicines that can accomplish this. If you’re not sure, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Uses of Promethazine Syrup:

  • It is used to help with allergy symptoms and motion sickness.
  • It’s a pain reliever.
  • It is used to prevent post-surgery nausea and vomiting.
  • It could be given to you for a variety of reasons. Consult your physician.

What do I need to tell my doctor before I take Promethazine Syrup?

All patients taking promethazine syrup should take the following precautions:

  • If you’re allergic to promethazine or any of the other ingredients in promethazine syrup.
  • If you have an allergy to promethazine syrup, any of its components, or any other medicines, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about your allergies and the symptoms you experienced.
  • If you have any of the following health issues: Asthma, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), or sleep apnea are all examples of breathing issues (breathing problems during sleep).
  • If you have any of the following health issues: Low blood cell count or inadequate bone marrow function are both possible causes.
  • If you’re taking any medications, they may prevent your bone marrow from producing certain cells that your body requires. There are a variety of medicines that can accomplish this. If you’re unsure, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
  • If your child is vomiting for no apparent reason, Promethazine syrup should not be given to a youngster who is throwing up for no apparent reason.

This isn’t a comprehensive list of all drugs or health conditions that may interact with promethazine syrup.

Cough Syrup

Inform your doctor and pharmacist about all of your medications (prescription and over-the-counter), natural products, and vitamins, as well as any health concerns you may have. You should double-check that using promethazine syrup with all of your medications and health issues is safe. Any drug should not be started, stopped, or changed without first consulting your doctor.

What are some things I need to know or do while I am taking promethazine syrup?

  • Inform all of your medical professionals that you are taking promethazine syrup. Your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists are all part of this group.
  • Wait to observe how promethazine syrup affects you before driving or doing other duties or actions that require you to be alert or have clear vision.
  • This medication may cause some pregnancy tests to be inaccurate. Consult your physician.
  • If you have diabetes, you’ll need to keep a close eye on your blood sugar levels.
  • Before you drink alcohol or use other drugs or natural things that slow your actions, see your doctor.
  • You may be more susceptible to sunburn. The sun, sunlamps, and tanning beds should all be avoided. Use sunscreen and wear sun-protective clothing and eyewear.
  • This medicine may increase the risk of seizures in some people, particularly those who have previously had seizures. Consult your doctor to check whether taking promethazine syrup increases your risk of seizures.
  • Use promethazine syrup with caution if you are 65 or older. There’s a chance you’ll experience more negative effects.
  • If you’re pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, let your doctor know. You’ll need to discuss the advantages and disadvantages for both you and the baby.

How is this medicine (Promethazine Syrup) best taken?

Follow your doctor’s instructions for using promethazine syrup. Read everything that has been given to you. Pay great attention to all of the directions.

  • If you’re using it to prevent motion sickness, take it 30 to 60 minutes before you travel.
  • You can take it with or without food. If you have an unsettled stomach, take it with meals.
  • Carefully measure liquid doses. Use the promethazine syrup measuring instrument that comes with it. If there isn’t one, ask the pharmacist for promethazine syrup measuring equipment.
Cough Syrup

What do I do if I miss a dose?

  • If you take promethazine syrup on a regular basis, remember to take any missing doses right away.
  • If your next dose is approaching, skip the missing dose and resume your regular schedule.
  • Do not take two or more doses at the same time.
  • Promethazine syrup is frequently used on an as-needed basis. Do not take more than the doctor recommends.

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

CAUTION: Although rare, some people may experience severe and sometimes fatal side effects as a result of taking a drug. If you notice any of the following signs or symptoms that could indicate a serious side effect, contact your doctor or seek medical help right away:

  • Rashes, hives, itching, red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; chest or throat tightness; problems breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat are all signs of an allergic reaction.
  • Symptoms of high or low blood pressure, such as severe headaches or dizziness, passing out, or changes in vision.
  • The rate at which your heart beats is fast or sluggish.
  • Twitching, changes in balance, difficulty eating or speaking are all symptoms of trouble controlling body movements.
  • stiffness, shakiness, or difficulty moving about.
  • You’re exhausted or weak.
Cough Syrup
  • I am perplexed.
  • Visual hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there).
  • Mood swings.
  • An intense ringing in the ears.
  • Seizures, as well as any bruising or bleeding that isn’t explained.
  • Skin or eyes that are yellow.
  • Changes in vision.
  • Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a serious and sometimes fatal health problem that can occur. If you experience a fever, muscle cramps or stiffness, dizziness, a severe headache, disorientation, a shift in your thinking, a fast heartbeat, a heartbeat that does not seem normal, or if you are sweating profusely, call your doctor straight once. This medication has the potential to induce severe and perhaps fatal respiratory issues. If you have sluggish, shallow, or difficulties breathing, call your doctor straight away.
  • Promethazine syrup has been linked to low white blood cell counts. This may increase your chances of contracting an infection. If you have symptoms of infection such as fever, chills, or a sore throat, call your doctor immediately away.

What are some other side effects of Promethazine Syrup?

Side effects are possible with any medicine. Many others, on the other hand, experience no or moderate negative effects. If any of these or any other adverse effects annoy you or do not go away, contact your doctor or seek medical help:

  • Feeling light-headed, drowsy, fatigued, or weak.
  • Blurred vision.
  • You have a dry mouth.
  • Stomach upset or vomiting
  • You’re nervous and excited.
  • Sleep disturbances

These aren’t all of the possible negative effects. Call your doctor if you have any concerns regarding side effects. For medical advice on side effects, contact your doctor.

If OVERDOSE is suspected

If you suspect an overdose, contact your local poison control center or seek medical attention straight away. Prepare to explain or demonstrate what was stolen, how much was taken, and when it occurred.

How do I store and/or throw out Promethazine Syrup?

  • Keep the container at room temperature.
  • Keep out of direct sunlight.
  • Store in a cool, dry location. Do not keep it in the bathroom.
  • Keep all medications in a secure location. All medications should be kept out of the reach of children and pets.
Cough Syrup

Discard any medications that are no longer in use or have expired. Unless otherwise instructed, do not flush a toilet or pour anything down a drain. If you have any doubts regarding how to properly dispose of medications, consult your pharmacist. In your location, there may be drug disposal programs.

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Consumer information use

  • Call your doctor if your symptoms or health problems do not improve or worsen
  • Do not share or take anyone else’s medications.
  • Another patient information leaflet may be available for some medications. Consult your pharmacist for more information. Please consult your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care practitioner if you have any questions regarding promethazine syrup.
  • If you suspect an overdose, contact your local poison control center or seek medical attention straight away. Prepare to explain or demonstrate what was stolen, how much was taken, and when it occurred.

Zarbee’s cough syrup

Zarbee’s Naturals Cough and Cold Remedies

Zarbee’s Naturals is a company that makes non-drug cough and cold remedies using natural ingredients. These products may be appealing if you need symptom relief but don’t want to deal with the side effects (and potential dangers to children) of over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medications. Zarbee’s Naturals also sells a number of other health-related items.

Drugs, alcohol, artificial sweeteners, artificial flavors, or dyes are not found in Zarbee’s Naturals products. Knowing what they’re for and how they work will help you make the best decision for yourself or your child.

Varieties of Zarbee’s Cough and Cold Products

Cough and cold products for adults, children, and newborns are available from Zarbee’s Naturals. These classifications are based on the proper product dosages, components, and formulations for each age group.

Cough Syrup
Zarbee’s Cold/Cough FormulationBabies
(up to 12 mos.)
Children
(1 to 12 years)
Adults
(12 years and up)
Cough Syrup√ (2 months+)
Saline Nasal Spray
Chest Rub (2 months+)√ (2 years+)
Lozenges √ (5 years+)
Chewables 
Drink Mix  

The Zarbee’s products were created by doctor Zak Zarbock, M.D., in response to FDA findings in 2007 that over-the-counter cough and cold drugs marketed for children were neither effective nor safe. 2. He created non-drug solutions based on honey and other natural substances because parents still wanted to cure their children’s problems.

Zarbee’s Naturals also offers immune support, sinus and respiratory support, vitamins, and other nutrients in addition to their cough and cold “throat relief” products.

How These Products Work

Dextromethorphan or diphenhydramine are commonly used to treat coughs, and guaifenesin is used to thin mucus and act as an expectorant in cough and cold drugs.

These ingredients are not used at Zarbee’s. Instead, honey is included in their goods to reduce cough; other substances in some formulations may also assist thin mucus or ease cough.

Honey

Some studies back up the usage of honey for cough alleviation. According to a 2018 review of research, 2 teaspoons of honey taken before sleep works as well as dextromethorphan, is better than placebo, diphenhydramine, or no treatment, and lowers cough duration. Another plus is that honey had no negative side effects in the studies that were included.

Cough Syrup

Honey is recommended for cough treatment by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for adults and children over the age of one year.

While honey is used in Zarbee’s cough and cold treatments for both adults and children, it is harmful to newborns. Infant botulism can be caused by bacterial spores found in honey.

Agave

Zarbee’s employs agave as a cough soother in its infant goods due to the risk of honey for very young children. It coats the throat like honey and acts as a thick, natural sweetener.

According to a study, the use of agave as a cough cure in infants and toddlers is only as beneficial as a placebo. As a result, researchers recommend that parents weigh the cost of items containing it against the potential advantages.

Ivy Leaf

Several Zarbee’s Naturals products, particularly those labeled “+ Mucus,” contain ivy leaf extract. Mucus is said to be thinned by ivy leaves (as is done by guaifenesin in many cough and cold products). Ivy leaves have been studied and found to be useful in a few tests. However, according to a comprehensive analysis published in 2011, the trials were inadequately conducted and controlled, making the findings unreliable. According to this study, ivy leaves combined with thyme may be more effective

Thyme

Several Zarbee’s products contain extracts of the herb thyme. Thyme extracts include thymol, a substance that has been shown in studies to be an antispasmodic, which may aid with coughing.

Cough Syrup

Elderberry

Elderberry extract is found in a number of Zarbee’s products. This adds taste and color to the dish while also being high in antioxidants. Although Zarbee’s does not make any health claims about elderberry, it is a popular natural component for treating cold symptoms. According to a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies published in 2019, it showed evidence of alleviating upper respiratory symptoms

Melatonin

Zarbee’s Naturals sells a variety of sleep formulas that contain melatonin, a hormone produced by your body that helps you sleep. Melatonin is included in one of their adult cough and throat relief drinks. Doxylamine, an antihistamine that is also used for sleeplessness, is used in many classic nighttime cold formulations. According to some studies, melatonin can also reduce the time it takes to fall asleep and enhance overall sleep time.

Saline

Zarbee’s saline nasal spray compositions can also be used to relieve congestion caused by colds, in addition to treating nasal dryness and allergies. (For cold symptoms, the CDC suggests saline nasal spray or nasal drops.)

Aloe (as a moisturizer) and vitamin C are also included in Zarbee’s saline mists (as an antioxidant).

Warnings and precautions

The goods of Zarbee’s Naturals are sold as supplements rather than drugs. Despite the fact that honey and herbal compounds have some scientific backing, they are not regarded as effective medicines, and manufacturers are not allowed to make health claims about them.

Cough Syrup

Zarbee’s Naturals supplements are not tested in the same way that pharmaceuticals are, so they can’t be used to treat, cure, or prevent any ailment or condition. In 2014, the FDA sent a warning letter to the company, stating that its labeling and promotion came dangerously close to making health claims. Since then, such documents have been updated.

Use in Children

Children under the age of four should not be given over-the-counter cough and cold drugs, according to the CDC, because they can cause significant and perhaps fatal side effects.

Zarbee’s Naturals products do not contain the medications listed in these restrictions (brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine, dextromethorphan, diphenhydramine, doxylamine, guaifenesin, phenylephrine, and pseudoephedrine), but you should consult your child’s pediatrician before administering any remedy. This is true even for children over the age of four, as severe reactions have been observed in older children.

Make sure any medication you give a child (natural or not) isn’t labeled “for adults” before giving it to them. Even if the product is labeled for children, read it carefully to be sure it is acceptable for the infant or child’s age. Honey, for example, should not be given to children under the age of one year.

Because of the risk of choking, lozenges should not be given to children under the age of four. Only adults and children aged 5 and up are sold lozenges at Zarbee’s.

Delsym cough syrup.

What You Should Know About Delsym Cough Syrup

Delsym is a cough syrup brand that contains a time-released version of the medication dextromethorphan. Many brand-name cough, cold, and flu medicines, such as Robitussin, Dimetapp, and Theraflu, include dextromethorphan. It is used to temporarily relieve coughs caused by slight throat and bronchial irritation, as well as inhaled irritants.

Cough Syrup

Active Ingredient

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The active ingredient in Delsym is encased by an edible plastic called polistirex, which sets it apart from other dextromethorphan-based formulations.

The plastic molecule is slowly destroyed by stomach acid after ingestion, releasing the drug into the bloodstream over a 12-hour period. It’s the only over-the-counter cough medicine that does this. One teaspoon (5 mL) of dextromethorphan is comparable to one teaspoon (5 mL) of dextromethorphan polistirex.

Recommended Dosage

Delsym is safe for adults and children over the age of four. It should not be given to children under the age of four unless a doctor has prescribed it.

The following is the suggested dosage:

Adults and children over the age of 12 should have two teaspoons (10 mL) every 12 hours, with a maximum of four teaspoons (20 mL) in a 24-hour period.

Children aged six to twelve: one teaspoon (5 mL) every 12 hours, but no more than two teaspoons (10 mL) in a 24-hour period.

Children aged four to six: one-half teaspoon (2.5 mL) every 12 hours, with no more than one teaspoon (5 mL) in a 24-hour period.

Common Side Effects

Delsym is generally regarded as safe when used as prescribed, although it can cause negative effects in some people, the majority of which are minor and self-limiting. The following are some of the most common negative effects:

Cough Syrup

Drowsiness

Dizziness

Fatigue

Nausea

Stomach ache

Vomiting

Constipation

Jitteriness

Itchiness

Rash

Contraindications and Considerations

If you are on or have recently taken a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI), you should not take Delsym. MAOIs are a type of medication that is used to treat depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses.

If your symptoms intensify, persist longer than seven days, or are accompanied by a fever that lasts more than three days, you should stop taking Delsym and contact your healthcare professional. If the symptoms linger more than five days, the same guidelines apply to children.

Overdose Warning

Some people use dextromethorphan recreationally, and it can create a dissociative hallucinogenic state comparable to ketamine and PCP when taken in excess. A distorted “out of body” sensation, exhilaration, excitement, and a loss of sense of time are among the symptoms.

Dextromethorphan can be overdosed with as little as three times the authorized amount. The effects may differ based on body size and past drug intake.

If you take too much dextromethorphan, you may experience major adverse effects, such as:

Blurred vision or double vision

High blood pressure (hypertension)

Cough Syrup

Low blood pressure (hypotension)

Sweating

Dilated pupils

Muscle spasm

Urinary difficulty

Shallow respiration

Temporary blindness, an abnormally fast heart rate (tachycardia), and blackouts can all occur in extreme circumstances, necessitating immediate medical intervention. Regular recreational use over an extended period of time can result in withdrawal symptoms, some of which can be extremely severe. Ingestion of large doses of the formulation has also been reported to result in death.

Can you get high off cough syrup

Cough syrups have long been overused, particularly by teenagers who wish to become high or drunk without stealing alcohol or paying for illegal substances. Since cough syrups are legal to buy, many people have taken advantage of them. The chemical has been classified as Schedule III by the Drug Enforcement Administration due to high rates of abuse, making it more tightly monitored and controlled when used in cough syrups, which is its major application in the United States.

Cough Syrup

People abuse codeine cough syrups in a variety of ways, including mixing them with alcoholic or nonalcoholic beverages to create a dangerously intoxicating cocktail known by a variety of names. Lean, “purple drank,” “syrup,” and “sizzurp” are some of the most well-known names. Rappers and pop artists have popularized these mixed drinks.

What Are Lean, Purple Drank, Sizzurp, and Syrup?

Codeine, a form of pharmaceutical opioid used to relieve mild to moderate pain, is referred to as “lean” on the street. When taken with other drugs such as cough syrup, codeine can help to alleviate the symptoms of coughing and provide temporary relief.

By mixing the syrup with soda or alcoholic beverages, individuals can mask the harsh taste of the cough medicine, resulting in lean.

Other street names for this liquid combination, besides lean, include:

  • Sizzurp 
  • Purple drank 
  • Barre
  • Texas tea

The principal ingredient in codeine cough syrup is a moderate opioid painkiller, making it a target for those seeking narcotic highs. Because many codeine cough syrups no longer contain alcohol, purple drank and other similar concoctions frequently do.

Some people abuse it by mixing codeine cough medicine with Coke. They may also add hard candy or booze to make it sweeter or stronger. Purple drank, lean, sizzurp, and barre are all terms used to describe this concoction.

In the 1990s, a combination of cough syrup, alcohol, soda, and sometimes hard candy such as Jolly Ranchers became popular. Since then, the DEA has reclassified codeine as a controlled substance that requires a prescription, and both federal and state authorities are keeping track of these prescriptions, as well as the sale of cough syrups in general. These rules were enacted in response to meth manufacture in small US labs using cough and cold medicines. The moniker “purple drank” comes from the traditional purple tint of most codeine cough syrups.

Dextromethorphan, or DXM, is a cough suppressant that has replaced codeine in over-the-counter cold and flu medicines. This drug is both intoxicating and deadly, and it has become a popular abuse target. Promethazine, a sedating medication commonly found in cough syrups, will be discussed further down.

Cough Syrup

Can You Overdose?

Overdosing on this drug is quite easy, in part because opioids suppress respiration to the point of oxygen deprivation when the user is sleeping. When alcohol and opioids are mixed together, the effects of both substances are amplified, making it more difficult for emergency responders to treat an overdose. When taken independently, alcohol and opioids are two of the most addictive medications in the United States. Therefore, mixing them can lead to major health consequences, tolerance, dependence, and addiction.

What cough syrup is safe during pregnancy?

Cough syrups are commonly consumed during pregnancy to alleviate symptoms. While taking a reasonable amount to relieve a cough is beneficial, overdosing on cough syrups during pregnancy can be hazardous to both the mother and the baby’s health. Cough syrups advised by specialists during pregnancy are listed below.

  • Plain cough syrup, such as Vicks.
  • Dextromethorphan (Robitussin; category C) and dextromethorphan-guaifenesin (Robitussin DM; category C) cough syrups.
  • Cough expectorant during the day.
  • cough suppressant at night.
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol; category B) to relieve pain and fever.

Can taking cough syrup help me get pregnant?

Guaifenesin is a common constituent in cough syrups. Guaifenesin is a laxative. Your airways will be filled with thick mucus if you have a cough. An expectorant thins the mucus and makes it easier to “cough it up” and “spit it out.” When you have a cough, this is the optimum circumstance. How does it assist you in conceiving? Expectorants thin mucus of all kinds, including cervical mucus, as they work their way down.

Cough Syrup

That’s it for the relationship. Sperm will move faster via the cervix and reach the egg inside the uterus if the cervical mucus is thin and wet. If a woman has thicker, non-slippery, drier cervical mucus (also known as “unfriendly cervical mucus”), guaifenesin-containing cough syrup could theoretically help.

Is There Scientific Evidence To Prove The Connection Between Cough Syrup And Pregnancy

Research from 1982 looked at the effects of guaifenesin on women who were having trouble getting pregnant for a specific reason. That study did show a correlation, but it was a minor one, conducted on a small sample group, and completed a long time ago. Since then, there has been no scientific evidence of the link. Many women, on the other hand, swear that cough syrups helped them become pregnant, and there are numerous anecdotal evidences to support this claim.

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