An authoritarian parent is a parent characterized by high demands and low responsiveness. Authoritarian parents have extremely exclusive standards and exceptionally strict principles. And they expect their children to follow these principles without question. These parents provide little in the areas of feedback and nurturing. When feedback happens, it is normally negative.
An authoritarian parent “is obedience and status-oriented, and expects his/her orders obeyed without question.”
These parents will, in general, deal with mistakes harshly. Yelling and whipping are normal in this parenting style. Authoritarian parents punish rather than discipline. And they are not willing or ready to explain the reasoning behind their principles.
Characteristics of an Authoritarian Parent
Research has shown that one of the significant jobs that parents play in a child’s life is to socialize them to the qualities and expectations that define their way of life. Achieving this can be drastically dependent on the measure of control they endeavor to apply over their children. Because of that, the authoritarian parent represents the most controlling parenting type.
They focus on adherence to authority rather than esteeming discretion and training kids to deal with their practices. The authoritarian parent gives feedback in the form of punishment for misbehavior instead of rewarding positive conduct.
An Authoritarian parent is Demanding, But Not Responsive
Authoritarian parents have lots of rules and may even need to control pretty much every part of their children’s lives and practices.
These parents have numerous unwritten guidelines that children should follow. And children get practically zero unequivocal guidance about these “rules.” All things considered, kids should realize that these guidelines exist.
Authoritarian parents regularly appear to be cold, reserved, and cruel. They are more likely to yell at their children rather than offer support and applause. Authoritarian parents esteem discipline over fun and expect that children ought to be seen and not heard.
Authoritarian parent offer Little Explanation for Punishments
Parents with this parenting type ordinarily have no issue resorting to corporal punishment, and this frequently includes beatings. Rather than depending on positive feedback, they respond quickly and harshly.
Authoritarian parents leave Few Choices for Children
Authoritarian parents don’t give children choices or alternatives. They set the principles and have a “take it or leave it” way of dealing with discipline. There is next to zero space for arrangement because they rarely permit their children to settle on their own decisions.
Authoritarian parents are Impatient With Misbehavior
Authoritarian parents expect that their children should essentially know that they should not take part in unwanted practices. And they do not have the tolerance to explain why their children ought to keep away from specific practices and use little energy discussing feelings.
Authoritarian parents are Mistrusting
Authoritarian parents don’t trust their kids to use sound judgment. So, they don’t give their kids a lot of opportunities to show that they can display good behavior.
Rather than allowing children to settle on choices all alone and face the normal consequences of those decisions, authoritarian parents hover over their children to ensure that they don’t make mistakes.
Authoritarian parents are Unwilling to Negotiate
Authoritarian parents don’t trust ill-defined situations. Because of that, circumstances are seen as black and white. There is almost no space for compromise. And children don’t get a say or a vote with regards to setting rules or decision-making.
Authoritarian parents can be highly critical, and they like to use disgrace as a strategy to compel kids to adhere to the rules. Because of that, these parents use expressions like “why do you always do that?”
“How often do I need to tell you the same thing?” or “Why can’t you do anything right?” Rather than looking for ways to build their kids’ confidence, they accept that shaming will propel kids to improve.
Parenting styles have been related to a variety of child behaviors, some of which are social abilities and academic performance.
The children of authoritarian parents may:
1. Associate obedience and accomplishment with love because of their upbringing.
2. Display more forceful conduct outside the home because they feel caged at home
3. Act fearful or excessively shy around others because of the strictness with which they are being handled.
4. Have lower self-esteem because they have no right of expression.
5. Have difficulty in social circumstances because of an absence of social skill
6. Conform easily, yet also suffer depression and anxiety
7. Struggle with self-control since they are rarely able to make choices and experience natural consequences.
Since authoritarian parents expect outright submission, kids brought up in such settings are typically good at keeping rules. Notwithstanding, they may lack self-discipline.
Effects on Children
Children raised by authoritarian parents are not encouraged to explore and act independently. Therefore, they never truly figure out how to draw their lines and individual guidelines. This can lead to problems when the parental or authority figure isn’t around to monitor behavior.
Developmental experts agree that principles and limits are significant for children. Most, however, believe that authoritarian parenting is excessively correctional and comes up short on the glow, unlimited love, and nurturing that kids also need.
Examples of Authoritarian Parenting
A kid steals chocolate from the supermarket. At the point when he returns home, the parents learn about it. They hit him and punish him by not providing dinner. The parents don’t attempt to understand why he stole the chocolate or explain why stealing is a wrong thing.
When the teenage child asks his father, “Why should I return home by 8 pm?” the authoritarian parent says, “Because I said so and you must return. That is it.”
A family is having a get-together. While eating, a child accidentally drops a fork. His father immediately shouts and insults the child before everyone.
When a parent is this strict, the effect on the kid will undoubtedly be negative
The results of authoritarian parenting are, for the most part, negative rather than positive.
Effects of Authoritarian Parenting on children.
1. Low self-esteem:
Regular criticism and reminders about how the child should and ought not to act make the child doubt their value and potential. What’s more, when the child’s accomplishments are not appreciated, they grow up with low self-esteem.
2. Poor social skills:
Low self-esteem brings about helpless social abilities as the child experiences difficulties interacting with people in social settings. They find it hard to express their feelings.
Children don’t figure out how to think freely and can’t make decisions. They always wait for guidance from somebody and are not proactive. They need others to choose for them.
4. Lack of self-discipline:
The children of authoritarian parents follow the rules well, but they lack self-discipline. Since they are not encouraged to explore and think independently, they never figure out how to draw certain lines and principles for themselves. This leads to indiscipline when there is nobody to monitor.
5. Highly insecure:
The emotional needs of children are not met as the parents scarcely give love and warmth to their children. This makes the children insecure.
6. Rigid environment suppresses the child:
The environment at home is strict and may create unpleasantness in the child. Such a circumstance isn’t helpful for the child to develop and flourish.
7. Lack of creativity:
The children don’t test out of their domain as they are anxious about the possibility that that they may turn out badly. The dread hinders their imagination.
8. Cannot accept failure:
Fear and anxiety drive them to perform because of parental pressure. They dread disappointments and can’t consider them to be a learning opportunity.
9. Behavioral problems:
Harshness in the form of corporal punishments and control leads to negative conduct in children. They grow up internalizing violent behaviors.
10. Children become hostile:
Children of authoritarian parents are forced to do things they don’t like. Thus, they end up being aggressive when they become teenagers. They have a hard time controlling their anger and resentment.
11. Poor academic performance:
Studies reveal that authoritarian parenting is connected to poor academic performance. Children learn better from positive and helpful feedback than from negative criticism.
12. Depression and obesity:
A study has found that children under authoritarian parents are more likely to have depressive symptoms than children of other parenting types. Another study has seen that the children of authoritarian moms are likely to have a high body mass index.
Authoritarian parents frequently wind up being angry, frustrated, and boisterous when the child doesn’t do things as they would prefer or when the kid doesn’t adhere to their standards. This leads to anxiety in the child.
There are several adverse effects of authoritarian parenting but there are a few positive ones too.
Benefits of Authoritarian Parenting
- Discipline: An authoritarian parent emphasizes discipline, rules, and consequences. Thus, the child knows that if they break the rules, they need to bear the consequences. This trains the child to act well and be focused.
2. Responsibility: Children become used to observing the guidelines and they never contemplate fouling up things. The propensity turns out to be solid to such an extent that it proceeds through their adulthood.
3. A safe environment: Authoritarian parents focus on the safety of their kids. This shields the kids from company and wrong choices.
4. Clarity about objectives: An authoritative parent is organized. They have plans, rules, and directions for everything and their kids know what to do to arrive at their objectives.
5. Enthusiasm to do things the correct way: The kids think about the results of disappointment. As they become acclimated to doing things right it turns into a propensity and drives them to progress.
Notwithstanding its positives, authoritarian parenting isn’t something Psychologists recommend because authoritative parenting provides all these load of advantages without the unfavorable impacts.
Parents do not use the same parenting style throughout their lives; it might change depending on the kid’s age and prerequisites at that age. So it would be wise if you found out what parenting type you are using and improved to be a superior parent.
What is your parenting type? Let us know in the comments section below.